Bylaw

Association Kangourou sans Frontières

Adopted at the 1996 AGM
Revised at the 1997, 2004, 2008 and 2009 AGMs

1 The Kangaroo contest

1.1 The associated and active members declare that they wish to participate in the organization of the contest described in The charter of the Kangourou sans Frontières and to adhere to the objectives expressed therein.

2 Active and associated members

2.1 The title active member is held, in two stages, by unanimous agreement of the Board of directors, or by agreement of two thirds of the participants during General Meeting: new candidates for membership will be admitted as temporary members; they will become permanent members by agreement of two thirds of the participants during General Meeting, after at least three years, according to their effective accomplishments in spreading the Kangaroo contest throughout the pupils and schools in their country or region.

An active member is the agent of a corporation (university, association, firm, ...) which agrees to organize the Kangaroo contest in their own geographical region and to collect the corresponding funds.

Associated members are either people who participate in the local organization of the contest under the responsibility of an active member, or people who participate in a problems group at the annual meeting.

2.2 The title of active member is granted to a country or a region, without exceeding these geographical limits for any reasons whatsoever. Indeed, only the members of the Board are entitled to represent the Association on the international level.

The title active member is lost if the Bylaws are not respected or if the subscription is not paid; this shall be notified as soon as the Board has established such non-compliance. Every member of the Board who is also an active member will be considered as having resigned as soon as they do not comply with the charter or do not pay the subscription. A list of active members is updated annually.

3 Active members' duties

3.1 Every active member undertakes to organize the Kangaroo contest in their region every year on the third Thursday in March, not before 06:00 Central European Time (CET).

3.2 The date given in 3.1 cannot be advanced in any circumstances. Exceptionally, for particular organizational reasons in a region, the contest date can be postponed.

Some parts or areas of the same country can exceptionally compete on another date; however, this date must always be subsequent to the common date unless the country proposes to these areas questions which have nothing in common with the European questions.

Publishing the solutions (by mail, minitel or internet) is not allowed before one month later than the date given in 3.1, that is, the equivalent date in April, so as to avoid the possible disclosure in those countries who organize the contest late.

Breach of these rules regarding dates is likely to be considered 'serious grounds' under Article 5 of the Statutes.

3.3 Every active member undertakes to send their question proposals for the next year, before the 31st of July of each year (to an address which will have been defined during the previous General Meeting).

3.4 Every active member undertakes to propose for the Kangaroo contest they organize the questions which were decided in common during the annual meeting. However, every active member is authorised, for reasons justified by the characteristics of school programs in their region, to use less than thirty and to change up to five of the thirty common questions. In the same way, the increasing difficulty of the questions is estimated by every active member.

3.5 Every active member undertakes to send to the head of office of the Association at least one copy of every subject and, if possible, prizes and authorises the Association to expose them to the public.

3.6 Every active member undertakes to be present or represented at the Annual General Meeting and provide a written and complete report (written in one of the two official languages, French an English), particularly statistics and a financial balance of the contest's organization for which they are responsible on behalf of the corporation which is their partner.

3.7 Every active member undertakes to have an address and a permanent secretariat in order to simplify the exchanges between every member and between the members and the Board. Especially, a phone, a fax and an e-mail are essential.

4 Subscriptions

4.1 Only active members have to pay a subscription. This subscription is paid by the corporation represented by the active member. Every year, the next year's fee is proposed by the Board and approved by the General Assembly.

5 Voting

5.1 Only active members have the right to vote.

5.2 Procedure for elections:

  1. An announcement will be made at the plenary meeting on Day 2, calling for nominations.
  2. An electoral committee will be proposed by the President at the plenary meeting.
  3. Any active member may be nominated.
  4. A nomination requires three proposers, who are active members.
  5. Each nomination paper should be signed by the three proposers, and countersigned by the nominee to show they consent to being nominated.
  6. Nominations close at noon on Day 3 and a list of candidates will be announced on the same day, as soon as possible thereafter.

5.3 Election of the President — rules for conduct of the vote:

  1. The voting process is organised by a committee of three people appointed by the General Assembly.
  2. Active members sign to indicate that they have placed a voting paper in the ballot box.
  3. A voting paper is considered valid if it contains a mark in favour of not more than one candidate.
  4. The leading candidate (the one receiving the greatest number of votes) is considered elected.
  5. If there is more than one leading candidate (that is, there is a tie for first place), then the voting process is repeated for the tied candidates only.
  6. If a second vote leads to another tie for first place, then the General Assembly shall decide how to proceed.

5.4 Election of the Board — rules for conduct of the vote:

  1. The voting process is organised by a committee of three people appointed by the General Assembly.
  2. Active members sign to indicate that they have placed a voting paper in the ballot box.
  3. A voting paper is considered valid if it contains a mark in favour of not more than five candidates.
  4. The five leading candidates (those receiving the greatest number of votes) are considered elected.
  5. If there are more than five leading candidates (that is, there is a tie for the last seat or seats), then the voting process is repeated for the relevant tied candidates only.
  6. If a second vote leads to another tie for the last seat or seats, then the General Assembly shall decide how to proceed.

6 Expenses

6.1 No expense above 1500 euros may be incurred without the agreement of the Board.

7 Use of the name and trademark Kangaroo

7.1 The use of the name "Kangaroo" and the contest's logo by the Association Kangourou sans Frontières and its members is settled by a contract which binds the Association to the owner of the "Kangaroo" trademark.

7.2 The problems produced for the annual meeting are the property of the Association Kangourou sans Frontières, and the members of the Association may use them for their own purposes in their own country but not before the date of the contest for which they were proposed.

8 Special rules

8.1 The General Assembly approves, by a vote, the countries nominated for the organisation of the annual meeting. Three Vice-Presidents are ex officio members of the Board. They are proposed by the countries organising the annual meeting. The organising country for the year n joins the Board after the General Assembly of the year n-2 and leaves the Board after the General Assembly of the year n+1.

8.2 The official languages of the Association Kangourou sans Frontières are French and English.

8.3 Modifications of the Bylaws requires a majority of two thirds of the active members present or represented.